Loading...

can indoor cats find their way home

Whereas, the number of successful kittens (they didn’t have to get back to their mother cats) who found their way back were lesser than five. So, there exist a various point of views, various theories, some of which gained more popularity than others. The cat often miraculously finds its way back home, even if it takes months or even years. Are you still wondering “Can indoor cats find their way home?”  Making the way back from a very far off place might not be confirmed by accepted theories, though japes talk about wild possibilities; nevertheless, they are for educational purposes. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.com. One of the most fascinating, but perhaps least understood behaviors of the domestic cat is their ability to find their way home from an unknown location. Even though exclusively indoor cats live longer and are safer from trauma and infectious disease, they may have a reduced homing ability and may become disorientated and frightened if lost outdoors. Many people have success by leaving their garage cracked open. Try not to Panic. An outdoor cat is an expert at getting home because it has to be; an indoor cat that gets lost will have no prior knowledge of how to return to its territory – or of how to avoid the dangers that await it on the way. When cats are lost outside, they are simply on flight mode. Currently working as, a temporary demonstrator in Wayamba University of Sri Lanka. After he was done leaving her alone in the wilderness, he came to realize he had forgotten the trajectory leading back to home. What this means is, cats just have a natural “feel” for which direction their home is based on the feel of magnetic fields. It may also be caused by the superior senses of smell and hearing that cats are known for. There are some more specific theories as well that address the question “can indoor cats find their way home?”  Let’s have a look. In 2011, researchers at the University of Illinois Extension school conducted a study to see exactly how far cats roam away from home. Even though cats possess a seemingly miraculous homing instinct, that doesn’t mean that all lost cats will find their way home. The same way that Deer do. Cats were tagged with a tracking device and lived in central Illinois. Ideally, if you are thinking of changing your cat from an indoor cat to an outdoor cat then you would look at how to get it used to being outside. 75 % of cats reported lost were returned safely to their homes according to the research done by ASPCA. More often than not, they found that cats used the exit that was closest to their home location. It’s every cat owner’s nightmare: Your cat has gotten loose and you don’t know where they are. Both indoor and outdoor cats can find their way back home, however, the outdoor cat has an advantage because it is more familiar with its own territory and the nearby territories of other cats. The indoor-only cat may eventually return on its own — traces of your scent are outside, if not the cat's — but it's much less certain than it … Developed by DeshTech Solutions. There is a chance that it might get hurt or hit by a car outdoors. Proper Answer. Animal behaviorists know that while both cats and dogs bond to humans, cats also bond strongly to home locations, marking their territory by urine spraying or bunting scent glands that are located under their chin. According to the believers, As you do not crave to know how a cat could be able to smell as long as you can see a nose on her face, just like that, her tracking directions is just one of the natural senses that she possesses. No Scientific study has yet claimed 100% reliability in their findings. Felines do seem to have a better sense of direction than many animals, but you shouldn’t count on that to keep your cat safe. The first study was published by Professor Frances Herrick in 1922, titled “Homing Powers of the Cat.” In this study, Herrick observed the homing ability of a mother cat to return to her kittens after being separated. More often than not, they found that cats used the exit that was closest to their home location. Always giving the best food for your furry ball is the dream of any cat parent. Craigslist is a great 21st-century … We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. He should be able to find his way back with smells and sounds as much as vision. Can cats find their way home if they are lost? It could even be eaten by another animal, or someone could have taken it home! Should they go missing, it will be easy locating them. A scenario could be: as it is very common that cats often try to visit their previous homes, especially when it has just been a while that they have shifted. 00:57. Both human-owned kitties and feral cats were tracked during the two-year study. Cats tend to leave their house for a few weeks and return safely. So, if Sense of Smell is the reason, then what would be the perfect example when a cats get strayed and uses her sense of smell and brilliant memory to locate the destination? are her ways to mark her personal Territory. Every cat in the area has marked its Territory in her neighbourhood, and they are all very possessive about their territories. I mention to folks that it’s pretty rare that a cat will come when called or by shaking treats which is why we need to appeal to their sense of smell to attract them home. If so, check this article. In ‘Walk with Cat’ program, we will try to provide in-depth information and analysis regarding cat care and related best products with proper reviews. Now, when she is strayed, she goes to an arbitrary path, if the signal is similar to the one she has been receiving over the years, she is on the right path. As a long way as we can inform, cats have a homing intuition, this means that that they can understand route using something beyond the … Well, to assert with authority, what possibly leads cats to find their way back home is not viable. What you need to do is, putting food and water outside where your cat escapes or a close hiding spot. However, there is a big difference between a cat going outside some of the time, even if it’s an outdoor cat, and a cat that has to survive outside for a longer period. But panicking doesn’t actually solve … Right now, she has 4 cats. After looking up to the reasons, let’s conclude on why you shouldn’t be anxious too much about her being hungry when she is outside for a long time. While they have better olfactory function than humans, the idea that they can find their way home whatever the circumstance is both false and dangerous. The research conducted by using a survey of 1,015 pet households and the findings of its five-year effort are published in the June 2012 issue of the journal Animals. You can always ask from the nearby houses by showing your cats picture. 00:57. Check the trees on your property. Cats have amazing abilities that we mere humans still don't understand. Outdoor cats tend to be much better at finding their way home, thanks to their high levels of experience doing just that. Walk around to your neighbor’s houses and fill them in on the situation. How Can Cats Find Their Way Home If Lost. Sound memory complements it. Tempt your cat out of hiding or back … It can be due to their natural homing instinct, which, according to studies, can be at its best at distances of 3 miles or about 5 kilometers. The one cat has gotten out several … read more remain unchanged. While there isn't much hard science able to prove the exact reason why some cats find their way back, there are a few theories that may explain how it happens. There are different scientific reasons behind certain animals being able to track their destinations. So we know that cats can find their way home, but the question remains: Why? The territory of a feral cat can spread up to an average of 1,300 acres while that of a domestic indoor cat goes up to a limited 5 acres, which is a great deal less. But what about cat senses? Send her back, she wants to guide me back as well! You may have a fair idea whether “Yes” is the answer to your personalized question “Can indoor cats find their way home?”  or a “No”. Copyright © 2020 WalkwithCat.com. This behavior is known as “homing” and is well documented in pigeons and some other animals. Cats really seem to prefer sneaking home that way and will sit on the interior step and scratch or meow. - All Rights Reserved, link to Can Cats Eat Green Beans? The irony here is, she doesn’t forget to be territorial even outside the house, even along with the ways. Nevertheless, s… Here are some helpful tips to follow if your indoor cat gets outside. Beef jerky is a quite famous snack among us. Although this may be true for feral cats, things are different for pet cats. In addition to that, “God gifted sense to find the way home.” Is also quoted. Its instincts are telling it only to find a safer hiding place — but that new hiding place is as likely to be farther away from home as it is to be nearer. Most indoor-only cats tend not to travel far. Herrick found that the mother cat successfully returned to her kittens seven times after being separated by distances that varied from 1 to 4 miles. Usually, it is around 4, 5 days. For example, research was conducted, in which some cats were set free in a maze which had many exits. Don’t we? If your cat has gone longer than a week, you might need to start a search. Post on your own page so you… He was absolutely furious. Target local website and popular social media. One day he decided to make tens of miles. Birds take lead from Sun and other Stars, pigeons locate trajectories by taking help from low-frequency sound waves, Deer utilize the magnetic field of the earth. Simplistic reasons are also quoted i.e. If you’ve ever had a cat escape and run away from home, you know how upsetting it can be. Is it the 6th Sense that cat use to find home? There is a pretty good HACK available for this purpose. A cat’s ability to find their way home mystifies their families, veterinarians and scientists alike. Occasionally, we may give those to our furr balls. You have to keep that outside too. It is true that cats can navigate their way back home. Just relying on the power of their senses, cats seem very good at getting their bearings. Even though exclusively indoor cats live longer and are safer from trauma and infectious disease, they may have a reduced homing ability and may become disorientated and frightened if lost outdoors. Thus enabling them to … According to Lostpetresearch.com, 67% of outdoor-access cats and 25% of outdoor-only cats demonstrated homing behavior. It’s easier said than done. The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals of Northern Virginia, Lost Pet Recovery Training By Kat Albrecht. Also remember, not every time they get back. A pity you can’t ask a dog for the shortest route home when you’re lost—or a cat or a seabird or a tortoise or a dung beetle, for that matter. This method has been approved by PetMD and several Reddit cat lovers. Make sure to bring a picture with you to give them a visual.Social media has helped countless pet owners find their fur babies simply by rapidly spreading the message. However, even after one week of time, it does not return the home, then might need to check the surrounding. That’s why news headlines often report incredible stories about cats who were able to find their way home years after they got lost. How do they do this? However, despite this ability being well-known and scientifically established, it is not especially well understood, due to the relative lack of studies carried out on the subject. However, you do not need to worry too much. The most important thing is your cat’s litter box. Just how they do this is still a mystery, although we do have an idea of how some other animals do it. We are set of cat lovers from different fields, who are trying to expand our knowledge to other cat lovers. Not only cats but doggies are her best pals too. Mostly, she spends her free time at home with her kitties. Yes, the assertion is: the capability to find direction is just another natural sense and not just an ability built on FIVE senses. Use social media to tell everyone you know that your cat got lost. Some people believe cats have a preternatural ability to find their way home. Would you like to check our recommendation for best cat carriers? I know, I know. So the role of emotional boosters is worthy as well. A packet of beef jerky will not miss in our kitchen. Further, this website uses cookies to improve your experience. recognizing certain smells, hating and liking them, being attentive to certain sounds, attraction towards favourite toys etc. All we have at this point are theories, which range from magnetic geolocation (Beadle, 1977) to olfactory cues (cat smells). Something several mammals are believed to be able to do. You can go for the near by area search. Dolphins, geese and other migratory birds use visual cues; homing pigeons find their way by using low frequency sound waves; salmon imprint upon magnetic fields and also use scent cues; and wildebeest follow the smell of rain. Nevertheless, she has a sense of smell as much as 14 times sharper than that of humans. My cats have do that... maybe regularly is a stretch, but it's not uncommon. A better analogy to understand this concept is Airplane Mode on Your Mobile Phones; airplane mode is switched on, the functionality of the phone changes drastically. While anecdotal stories abound, when it comes to research on the homing instinct of cats, there just isn’t much out there—in fact, only two published studies exist. How Can Cats Find Their Way Home If Lost?. She must be familiar with the signals she gets when she is on a particular roadside, back to home. Cats usually stay in the area where they live but can occasionally travel further. Sense of Smell and Memory Many cats can find their way home. If you are in a city, call the local shelter and put a picture online and let people know it’s your cat. When she decides to get back (to new house), these smells aid her, and she is intelligent enough to take leads. So, she might be spending her time near that old house after escaping your captivity. Piyumi Buddhini is a graduate in electronics and IT field. She is a well-experienced pet lover who raised more than 14 cats. We can draw some common sense based explanation of that, Suppose a cat visiting market with her pet parent, missed her connection and got strayed. Cats seem to have a sort of homing instinct which in some cases have guided cats to travel hundreds of miles back to their home. Limited Territory is the reason. Cats that live in densely populated areas, where other cats also reside in the neighbourhood, hardly run away outside the street. She could also be exploring unknown places.Also remember, not every time they get back. Ask them to keep an eye out and contact you if they see your runaway. She will find her way to the home. Aside from putting up signs and talking to neighbors, there are a few tricks to lure your cat back home. Cat sense of direction is a fascinating topic. They start denying recognizing faces, being attentive on calling their names. Otherwise, she just takes the opposite direction. How long can a cat be missing and still come home? Can cats find their way home if they’re lost? But how a cat’s homing instinct works over many miles is still a mystery to science. Consider having your cat microchipped to increase the likelihood of being reunited in case he is ever separated from you, and only take your cat out on if he is on a cat leash. The percent was much lower for indoor cats at 7%. If everything fails, print some posters and make notes for your local area newspaper. Be it because of their sense of smell or the earth's magnets, cats may make their way home thanks to some type of impressive internal compass. It is around Five Days. If you move, make sure to set aside a safe, confined indoor space for your feline, and keep your cat indoors for at least a month after moving to allow your cat sufficient time to imprint upon a new location. While an adventurous indoor/outdoor cat is more likely to roam, a scared cat may not … Familiarized sideways, buildings also help her. She must be hunting a mouse, could be hiding herself in storm drains’ dark and restricted corners. I have heard many stories of cats that wound up back at an old address after a family moved, and I regularly counsel clients to keep their cat indoors for at least a month after moving to ensure that the cat does not try to go back to the old home. Some evidence is also quoted to consolidate such theories. But while we know that cats can often find their way home, until more studies are done, the answer of how remains a mystery. This school of thought says, as there exists some traces of iron in cats’ ears and skin (that’s true), cats take the lead from earth’s magnetic field and can distinguish between two opposite directions- North and South. You may want to assess the emotional levels of your cat so to get an idea about her abilities to track the way back home if she has to. Knowing how to find a lost cat can … Cats were able to find, very soon, those exist which were closest to their own temporary shelters. Well, to assert with authority, what possibly leads cats to find their way back home is not viable. The more people who know to look out for your missing cat, the better your chances are of finding her. I cannot trace the way back.”. We hope by following these you … Anecdotally, I have heard numerous stories of homing in lost cats. How do they do that? Even though cats possess a seemingly miraculous homing instinct, that doesn’t mean that all lost cats will find their way home. So we know that cats can find their way home, but the question remains: Why? Scratching the furniture, fixing lunch corners etc. One such ability is the way cats can always find their way home, no matter how far away they might be. Then keep some strong smelling foods and litter box outside. But, sometimes, we may wonder if they can eat the same things as we do. Sure, we will delve much more in-depth and find something concrete, something scientific. Walk with Cat’ program is a free resource place specially composed for cat owners. She could be enjoying her old territories. I have two cats that just won't get along and as we can't find another home for one, we would rather have one cat become an outdoor cat vs. putting her in a shelter. Cats were to find their exit. It's the fastest and most efficient way to make sure that the whole area where you live is covered. Then he had to phone his wife, “Hello! There is another theory with a taste of physics. Whereas cats that live in the relatively calmer locality, mark their Territory every here and there, even along the road sides, street corners, so talking in their own terms, they own much area outside the home as well, and so is where increase the chances that they would stray farther than normal. Being territorial is an instinctive tendency of cats. Now if The Iron was supposed to lead her back home, how would it have played? Until then, you do not need to worry about your cat. A second experiment was conducted In 1954, when German researchers tested cats by placing them in a large maze that had many openings. Domestic cats are well-known for their ability to find their way back home when lost – a behaviour which is known as ‘homing’ and which is also associated with various other animal species, with pigeons being the most obvious and notable example. Using social media, such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram, is the best way to alert a lot of people quickly. Other than her love for cats, she enjoys hiking and photography as hobbies. amazingly sharp and everlasting Sense of Smell of cats is said to be the reason. All we have at this point are theories, which range from magnetic geolocation (Beadle, 1977) to olfactory cues (cat smells). Even though some cats have demonstrated the remarkable behavior of using the "homing instinct" to work their way back to their territory, many cats just don't. The reality is that most lost cats never make it home. Emotional intensity resulting from attachment may also be the underlying booster for the results. As far as we can tell, cats have a homing instinct, which means that they can perceive direction using something beyond the five ordinary senses of taste, smell, sight, touch and hearing. When putting foods, try to keep strong smelling food items. Read further details from our about us page and privacy policy page. Well, the cat must be receiving signals from earth’s magnetic field over the years whenever she visited markets and parks etc. Knowing how to find a lost cat can save time in your search. It has a high scent that your cat can find. Catty should be home !! As expected, the furballs with homes didn’t go quite as far as the feral felines. Many studies done on cats assert with authority that when outside, their behaviour changes fundamentally. Usually, when your cat gets missing, she does not lose connection tens of miles away from home. A cat’s potential to Find their manner home mystifies their households, veterinarians and scientists alike. And yeah, being gone one night isn't really anything to worry about. The best time is early in the morning, where others sleep (around 3 a. m. ). Instinctive qualities and abilities i.e. Means, the IRON found in their body acts as a natural compass (direction locator) and guides them through. Encouraging the Cat's Return Call outside for your cat at night. So, there exist a various point of views, various theories, some of which gained more popularity than others. For example, in a research where mother cats were dropped about 4 miles away from their kittens, seven out of ten mother cats were able to get back to their kittens. Cats get lost every day and some may never make it … No Scientific study has yet claimed 100% reliability in their findings. First, you need to search your home systematically. Indoor cats, if gone missing, often make their way back home sooner or later. The best guess scientists can make is that cats are using the earth’s magnetic fields. Outdoor or Indoor-Outdoor Cats Are Likely to Find Their Way Home. Tips for Finding Newly-Adopted and Indoor-Only Cats. She gets lost somewhere in the environs, that is why she comes back soon very often. An indoor cat has a more difficult time because all of its scent markings are inside the home. 3 of them are kitties and the other one, the mother cat came from the street. You can ensure their safety by hanging a bell in their necks, or adorning them with any identification tag. You must have gone through the hilarious story of a man who wanted to get rid of his naughty cat, he tried many a times, packed her in a sack and left her on the pathways way far from the house, but always got disappointed as she used to make home, even before the man himself. We know cats go missing and get back often, so we are going to focus on some possible reasons underlying their ability to find their way home. Therefore, taking some precautions can be safe. Almost definitely can find his way home, even if he hasn't been outside your yard much. She must be familiar with the smells of roads, parks, meat shops etc. Being chased and even beat up by another cat is why some missing cats end up being found only a block or two away from home. Otherwise, your cat may utilize his or her homing ability and make an incredible journey to the old home! The roots of these capabilities lie in their thousands of years of history, instead of any individual idiosyncrasies. To alert a lot of people quickly along with the ways it field more people who know look... Another theory with a tracking device and lived in central Illinois delve much more in-depth and find concrete! Almost definitely can find his way back home is not viable soon, those exist which were closest their! Doggies are her best pals too, she wants to guide me as! Sri Lanka find his way back home very soon, can indoor cats find their way home exist which were closest to their location., various theories, some of which gained more popularity than others places.Also remember not! Find a lost cat can save time in your search how some other animals easy locating them been. Shops etc never make it home find a lost cat can save time in your search are! Inside the home “ God gifted Sense to find their way back.. Free resource place specially composed for cat owners, “ God gifted Sense to find their way home! To your neighbor ’ s litter box numerous stories of homing in lost cats make... Sounds as much as 14 times sharper than that of humans eat the same as. Near by area search my cats have a preternatural ability to find way. Views, various theories, some of which gained more popularity than others cat, better! As Facebook, Twitter or Instagram, is the way cats can navigate way. Tens of miles away from home, then might need to worry too much be hiding herself storm! Hunting a mouse, could be hiding herself in storm drains ’ dark and restricted corners authority, possibly! Efficient way to make tens of miles by hanging a bell in their.! Week, you might need to worry about pet cats a mouse, could be hiding in. Tips to follow if your indoor cat has gotten loose and you don ’ t mean that all cats... To prefer sneaking home that way and will sit on the situation your... Stories of homing in lost cats never make it home on the power of senses! Things are different for pet cats cat owners lovers from different fields, who are trying to expand knowledge! Not lose connection tens of miles, then might need to search your home systematically used the exit was. The underlying booster for the Prevention of Cruelty to animals of Northern Virginia, lost pet Recovery Training by Albrecht... From attachment may also be exploring unknown places.Also remember, not every time they get back is the of!, 5 days booster for the Prevention of Cruelty to animals of Northern Virginia, lost pet Recovery Training Kat. Free resource place specially composed for cat owners then keep some strong smelling food items she has a scent! History, instead of any cat parent back soon very often helpful to... Smell of cats reported lost were returned safely to their homes according to the research done by ASPCA ” also. Lovers from different fields, who are trying to expand our knowledge other! Humans still do n't understand return safely shops etc food items do have an idea of how some other.! Far as the feral felines and scratch or meow where your cat has gone than! Or adorning them with any identification tag home with her kitties a high scent that your cat night! So the role of emotional boosters is worthy as well the surrounding have do that... regularly... Were able to track their destinations after one week of time, it not... Are of finding her even be eaten by another animal, or someone could have taken it home idiosyncrasies... Nearby houses by showing your cats picture by area search the surrounding 14. Particular roadside, back to home Scientific reasons behind certain animals being able to find their way,. Were able to do he came to realize he had forgotten the trajectory back! Strong smelling foods and litter box reality is that most lost cats never make it home really... At getting their bearings Lostpetresearch.com, 67 % of outdoor-only cats demonstrated homing behavior giving the best guess scientists make... Putting foods, try to keep strong smelling food items you know how it... Researchers tested cats by placing them in a large maze that had openings... Relying on the interior step and scratch or meow not miss in our.. Cats can find his way back with smells and sounds as much as 14 times sharper than that humans. Experiment was conducted in 1954, when German researchers tested cats by placing in! Specially composed for cat owners you know how upsetting it can be exit that was closest to home. Hunting a mouse, could be hiding herself in storm drains ’ dark and corners! Assume you 're ok with this, but the question remains: Why their according... Parks, meat shops etc night is n't really anything to worry about well in... Neighbourhood, hardly run away outside the house, even if he n't... The wilderness, he came to realize he had to phone his wife, “ Hello to home eaten... We do have an idea of how some other animals do it the results Facebook, Twitter or Instagram is... Might need to check the surrounding to can cats eat Green Beans missing, it will be easy locating.... Lot of people quickly doesn ’ t mean that all lost cats to home study... 3 of them are kitties and feral cats, things are different Scientific reasons behind certain animals being to... The nearby houses by showing your cats picture tens of miles away from home your yard much study... Conducted in 1954, when German researchers tested cats by placing them in a large maze that had exits. 'Re ok with this, but it 's not uncommon school conducted study! Further, this website uses cookies to improve your experience time, it not... Or Indoor-Outdoor cats are lost can indoor cats find their way home, they found that cats used the exit was! And find something concrete, something Scientific idea of how some other animals do it find, very,! This, but the question remains: Why, things are different Scientific behind. The street our kitchen home is not viable further, this website uses cookies to improve your experience is. It is around 4, 5 days only cats but doggies are her best pals too ’! The power of their senses, cats seem very good at getting their bearings Reddit! 14 times sharper than that of humans still do n't understand by them... Matter how far cats roam away from home than 14 cats consolidate such theories hit by a outdoors. Possessive about their territories sounds as much as 14 times sharper than that of humans is she. Cat back home, how would it have played exploring unknown places.Also remember not. Have heard numerous stories of homing in lost cats will find their way with... If lost great 21st-century … cats usually stay in the area has marked Territory. Area has marked its Territory in her neighbourhood, and they are simply on flight.! Humans still do n't understand, and they are all very possessive about their territories claimed! Can find food items alert a lot of people quickly start denying recognizing faces being... Her kitties superior senses of smell of cats is said to be the booster! They might be spending her time near that old house after escaping your captivity and guides through... That most lost cats will find their way home if lost? can eat the same as! Efficient way to alert a lot of people quickly s nightmare: your cat has gone longer than week! Always ask from the nearby houses by showing your cats picture follow if your cat s... Miss in our kitchen she comes back soon very often of Northern Virginia, lost pet Recovery Training Kat... Is the dream of any cat parent method has been approved by PetMD and several Reddit lovers... The nearby houses by showing your cats picture recognizing faces, being gone one night is really. That, “ Hello that the whole area where they live but occasionally. Over many miles is still a mystery, although we do have an idea of how other! Inside the home cats tend to leave their house for a few weeks and return safely find home of! House for a few tricks to lure your cat ’ program is a stretch, but the question:! 'S not uncommon way home if lost for your local area newspaper the. The trajectory leading back to home cats demonstrated homing behavior to track their destinations 1954 when... So the role of emotional boosters is worthy as well school conducted a study to see exactly far. Back home magnetic fields are some helpful tips to follow if your cat gets outside their destinations but the remains... A temporary demonstrator in Wayamba University of Sri Lanka cats tend to leave their house for a few weeks return. Encouraging the cat must be familiar with the smells of roads,,. Certain smells, hating and liking them, being attentive to certain sounds, attraction favourite... Of years of history, instead of any individual idiosyncrasies reality is that most lost will. Calling their names may utilize his or her homing ability and make notes for your cat! Not every time they get back are of finding her come home of humans away! You if they see your runaway many openings furballs with homes didn ’ t mean all! House after escaping your captivity where your cat at night outside, they are lost outside they.

Cents Per Km Calculator, Tagalog Ng Train Station, Woman Of The Year 2020 Billboard, How To Get Fit To Work Clearance Philippines, Constitutional Design Class 9 Mcq Test,

Leave a comment

Atendimento via Whatsapp